Dhawan scores sixth consecutive fifty plus against Sri Lanka including three centuries as India won by 9 wickets in 1st ODI at Dambulla on Sunday.
Tharanga will lead the islanders into the opening match of the ODI series in Dambulla on Sunday.
Sri Lanka have announced their squad for the ODI series against India that begins on Sunday.
Umesh Yadav, Pandya, Dickwella also reach career-high rankings in latest update; Chinaman bowlers Kuldeep Yadav and Sandakan move up too.
India beat Sri Lanka by an innings and 171 runs in the third Test and claimed their first ever 3-0 series win overseas.
Yuvraj Singh axed, Rohit Sharma and Manish Pandey return to Indian team for Sri Lanka limited overs series.
India enforce follow-on after after Sri Lanka were bowled out for 135.
Sri Lanka fought their way back in the last two session after India solid 188-run opening stand and reduce tourists to 329/6 at stump.
If India win the third Test, they will become only the second team to whitewash Sri Lanka in their own den.
Dushmantha Chameera is one of the two major changes to the Sri Lanka squad ahead of the third Test, scheduled to be played at Pallekele from 12 August.