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Hat-tricks in Test Match

A hat-trick is when a bowler takes wickets with three consecutive deliveries. On 2 January 1879, in only the third Test match to take place at MCG, Australian bowler Fred Spofforth took first hat-trick in a Test cricket, removed Vernon Royle, Francis MacKinnon and Tom Emmett.

Australian Merv Hughes is the only bowler to take a hat-rick where the wickets fell over three overs. He took a wicket with the final ball of an over. With the first ball of the next over he took the final wicket of the West Indies first innings. He then removed the opener Gordon Greenidge with the first ball of the West Indies second innings.

Australian leg spinner Jimmy Matthews only bowler took a hat-trick in both innings of the same Test. Other bowlers took more than one hat-trick are -- Australian off spinner Hugh Trumble, Pakistani fast bowler Wasim Akram and English fast bowler Stuart Broad.

Following is the list of bowlers who have got hattricks in Test cricket.

S# Bowler Match Wickets Venue Date
1 Frederick Spofforth Australia v England The Revd Vernon Royle (b)
Francis MacKinnon (b)
Tom Emmett (c)
Melbourne Cricket Ground 02-Jan-1879
2 Billy Bates England v Australia Percy McDonnell (b)
George Giffen (c&b)
George Bonnor (c)
Melbourne Cricket Ground 20-Jan-1883
3 Johnny Briggs England v Australia Walter Giffen (b)
Jack Blackham (lbw)
Sydney Callaway (c)
Sydney Cricket Ground 02-Feb-1892
4 George Lohmann
George Lohmann
England v South Africa Frederick Cook (b)
Bonnor Middleton (b)
Joseph Willoughby (c)
St George's Park 14-Feb-1896
5 Jack Hearne
Jack Hearne
England v Australia Clem Hill (b)
Syd Gregory (c)
Monty Noble (c)
Headingley 30-Jun-1899
6 Hugh Trumble Australia v England John Gunn (c)
Arthur Jones (c)
Sydney Barnes (c&b)
Melbourne Cricket Ground 04-Jan-1902
7 Hugh Trumble Australia v England Bernard Bosanquet (c)
Sir Pelham Warner (lbw)
Dick Lilley (lbw)
Melbourne Cricket Ground 08-Mar-1904
8 Jimmy Matthews Australia v South Africa Rolland Beaumont (b)
Sid Pegler (lbw)
Tommy Ward (lbw)
Old Trafford 28-May-1912
9 Jimmy Matthews Australia v South Africa Herbie Taylor (b)
Reggie Schwarz (c)
Tommy Ward (c)
Old Trafford 28-May-1912
10 Maurice Allom England v New Zealand Tom Lowry (lbw)
Ken James (c)
Ted Badcock (b)
AMI Stadium 10-Jan-1930
11 Tom Goddard England v South Africa Dudley Nourse (c&b)
Norman Gordon (st)
Billy Wade (b)
Old Wanderers 26-Dec-1938
12 Peter Loader England v West Indies John Goddard (b)
Sonny Ramadhin (c)
Roy Gilchrist (b)
Headingley 25-Jul-1957
13 Lindsay Kline Australia v South Africa Eddie Fuller (c)
Hugh Tayfield (lbw)
Neil Adcock (c)
Newlands 03-Jan-1958
14 Wes Hall West Indies v Pakistan Mushtaq Mohammad (lbw)
Fazal Mahmood (c)
Nasim-ul-Ghani (b)
Bagh-e-Jinnah 29-Mar-1959
15 Geoff Griffin South Africa v England Mike K Smith (c)
Peter Walker (b)
Fred Trueman (b)
Lord's 24-Jun-1960
16 Lance Gibbs West Indies v Australia Ken Mackay (lbw)
Wally Grout (c)
Frank Misson (b)
Adelaide Oval 30-Jan-1961
17 Peter Petherick New Zealand v Pakistan Javed Miandad (c)
Wasim Raja (c&b)
Intikhab Alam (c)
Gaddafi Stadium 09-Oct-1976
18 Courtney Walsh West Indies v Australia Tony Dodemaide (c)
Mike Veletta (c)
Graeme Wood (lbw)
Brisbane Cricket Ground 20-Nov-1988
19 Merv Hughes Australia v West Indies Curtly Ambrose (c)
Patrick Patterson (c)
Gordon Greenidge (lbw)
W.A.C.A. Ground 04-Dec-1988
20 Damien Fleming Australia v Pakistan Aamer Malik (c)
Inzamam-ul-Haq (lbw)
Saleem Malik (c)
Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium 09-Oct-1994
21 Shane Warne
Shane Warne
Australia v England Phil DeFreitas (lbw)
Darren Gough (c)
Devon Malcolm (c)
Melbourne Cricket Ground 29-Dec-1994
22 Dominic Cork England v West Indies Richie Richardson (b)
Junior Murray (lbw)
Carl Hooper (lbw)
Old Trafford 30-Jul-1995
23 Darren Gough England v Australia Ian Healy (c)
Stuart MacGill (b)
Colin Miller (b)
Sydney Cricket Ground 02-Jan-1999
24 Wasim Akram Pakistan v Sri Lanka Romesh Kaluwitharana (c)
Niroshan Bandaratilleke (b)
Pramodya Wickramasinghe (b)
Gaddafi Stadium 06-Mar-1999
25 Wasim Akram Pakistan v Sri Lanka Avishka Gunawardene (c)
Chaminda Vaas (b)
Mahela Jayawardene (c)
Bangabandhu National Stadium 14-Mar-1999
26 Nuwan Zoysa Sri Lanka v Zimbabwe Trevor Gripper (lbw)
Murray Goodwin (c)
Neil Johnson (lbw)
Harare Sports Club 26-Nov-1999
27 Abdul Razzaq Pakistan v Sri Lanka Romesh Kaluwitharana (c)
Rangana Herath (lbw)
Ravindra Pushpakumara (lbw)
Galle International Stadium 21-Jun-2000
28 Glenn McGrath Australia v West Indies Sherwin Campbell (c)
Brian Lara (c)
Jimmy Adams (c)
W.A.C.A. Ground 01-Dec-2000
29 Harbhajan Singh
Harbhajan Singh
India v Australia Ricky Ponting (lbw)
Adam Gilchrist (lbw)
Shane Warne (c)
Eden Gardens 11-Mar-2001
30 Mohammad Sami Pakistan v Sri Lanka Charitha Buddhika (lbw)
Nuwan Zoysa (lbw)
Muttiah Muralitharan (b)
Gaddafi Stadium 08-Mar-2002
31 Jermaine Lawson West Indies v Australia Brett Lee (b)
Stuart MacGill (b)
Justin Langer (lbw)
Kensington Oval 05-May-2003
32 Alok Kapali
Alok Kapali
Bangladesh v Pakistan Shabbir Ahmed (c)
Danish Kaneria (lbw)
Umar Gul (lbw)
Arbab Niaz Stadium 29-Aug-2003
33 Andy Blignaut Zimbabwe v Bangladesh Hannan Sarkar (lbw)
Mohammad Ashraful (c)
Mushfiqur Rahman (c)
Harare Sports Club 22-Feb-2004
34 Matthew Hoggard England v West Indies Ramnaresh Sarwan (c)
Shivnarine Chanderpaul (lbw)
Ryan Hinds (c)
Kensington Oval 03-Apr-2004
35 James Franklin
James Franklin
New Zealand v Bangladesh Manjural Islam Rana (c)
Mohammad Rafique (c)
Tapash Baisya (b)
Bangabandhu National Stadium 20-Oct-2004
36 Irfan Pathan India v Pakistan Salman Butt (c)
Younis Khan (lbw)
Mohammad Yousuf (b)
National Stadium 29-Jan-2006
37 Ryan Sidebottom England v New Zealand Stephen Fleming (c)
Mathew Sinclair (c)
Jacob Oram (lbw)
Seddon Park 08-Mar-2008
38 Peter Siddle
Peter Siddle
Australia v England Alastair Cook (c)
Matt Prior (b)
Stuart Broad (lbw)
Brisbane Cricket Ground 25-Nov-2010
39 Stuart Broad
Stuart Broad
England v India MS Dhoni (c)
Harbhajan Singh (lbw)
Praveen Kumar (b)
Trent Bridge 30-Jul-2011
40 Sohag Gazi
Sohag Gazi
Bangladesh v New Zealand Corey Anderson (lbw)
BJ Watling (c)
Doug Bracewell (c)
Zahur Ahmed Chowdhury Stadium 13-Oct-2013
41 Stuart Broad
Stuart Broad
England v Sri Lanka Kumar Sangakkara (c)
Dinesh Chandimal (c)
Shaminda Eranga (c)
Headingley 20-Jun-2014
42 Rangana Herath
Rangana Herath
Sri Lanka v Australia Adam Voges (c)
Peter Nevill (lbw)
Mitchell Starc (lbw)
Galle International Stadium 05-Aug-2016
43 Moeen Ali
Moeen Ali
England v South Africa Dean Elgar (c)
Kagiso Rabada (c)
Morne Morkel (lbw)
Kennington Oval 31-Jul-2017
44 Jasprit Bumrah
Jasprit Bumrah
India v West Indies Darren Bravo (c)
Shamarh Brooks (lbw)
Roston Chase (lbw)
Sabina Park 31-Aug-2019
45 Naseem Shah
Naseem Shah
Pakistan v Bangladesh Najmul Hossain Shanto (lbw)
Taijul Islam (lbw)
Mahmudullah (c)
Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium 09-Feb-2020

Hat-tricks by Team

S# Country Number of hat-tricks
1 England 14
2 Australia 11
3 Pakistan 5
4 West Indies 4
5 India 3
6 New Zealand 2
7 Sri Lanka 2
8 Bangladesh 2
9 South Africa 1
10 Zimbabwe 1

Hat-tricks Against The Team

S# Country Number of hat-tricks
1 Australia 9
2 England 6
3 South Africa 6
4 West Indies 6
5 Pakistan 5
6 Sri Lanka 5
7 New Zealand 3
8 Bangladesh 3
9 Zimbabwe 1
10 India 1

Bowlers Takes More Than One Hat-tricks

S# Bowler Name Number of hat-tricks
1 Stuart Broad 2
2 Wasim Akram 2
3 Hugh Trumble 2
4 Jimmy Matthews 2

Stats:
  • Maurice Allom, Peter Petherick and Damien Fleming did the hat-trick on debut.
  • The second Hugh Trumble and the Geoff Griffin hat-tricks were in the final Test of these players.
  • The Courtney Walsh, Merv Hughes and Jermaine Lawson hat-tricks involved two innings.
  • Jimmy Matthews from Australia did the hat-trick in each innings.
  • Peter Petherick has the most expensive innings analysis of somebody doing the hat trick (3 for 103).
  • Nuwan Zoysa's hat-trick was from the first three balls he delivered in the Test
  • Irfan Pathan took his hat-trick in the first over of the Test.
See also:
List of One-day Internationas (ODIs) hat-tricks
List of Twenty20 Internationals (T20I) hat-tricks
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